Translating your state’s early learning standards and your center’s curriculum into fun, educational activities is best accomplished with a thorough lesson plan. A daycare care lesson plan is both structured and flexible, remembers the needs of every student, and has measurable goals. Read on to learn more about child care lesson planning and our expert tips for making lesson planning work for you.
A lesson plan is your guide to teaching a class session. Whether you make one yourself or start with a premade template, your lesson plan sets the content and structure of what you will teach and how.
Lesson plans for daycare cover three key elements of a learning activity:
Planning lessons in advance is indispensable for teachers. A well-planned lesson ensures you are covering all the necessary ground, making effective use of time and meeting the needs of every learning style.
Your child care lesson planning will let you provide a structured learning experience for your students, and make sure that they receive adequate opportunities across all learning domains. And an expertly-planned lesson lets you handle the unexpected with grace, including seizing on spontaneous learning opportunities.
Many centers use state early learning requirements to guide their daycare lesson planning. Others use the Montessori method, which has a distinctive approach to early child learning and a unique lesson format. Whatever standards you are using, working from the early learning objectives will help you to ensure your lesson plans are meeting the needs of each child and covering all learning domains.
A daycare teacher creating a lesson plan must begin with the end in mind. Clearly defining your desired learning outcomes lets you effectively plan and prioritize your activities, as well as measure your success.
Not only do you need to know what your students will learn, but also, you need to know why it’s important for them to learn it, and how they will demonstrate that they have learned it. That way, your activities will be tied in to the relevant learning domains and you can easily assess progress.
To plan learning objectives, think about:
Once you know your learning objectives, tie them in to your state’s early learning standards, your Montessori curriculum, or any other requirements that may be relevant. That way, you can document your compliance over time.
In conjunction with developing your lesson procedure, detail what you’ll need to complete the lesson: handouts, visual aids, arts and crafts supplies, learning toys, etc. Then you can ensure everything is on hand well before the lesson begins.
The lesson procedure describes what you’ll actually do during the lesson. This should be the longest and most detailed part of your lesson plan. Your lesson procedure will address each learning objective so you can plan activities that will effectively help your students reach those objectives.
A good daycare lesson procedure includes:
Thoroughly prioritized lesson objectives will guide you in time management. Make a note of what parts of the lesson are crucial and cannot be skipped, what can be omitted if there is not enough time, and what can be added in if there is more time than expected.
Depending on your objectives and the needs of your students, different evaluation methods may work for your lesson. Quizzes and homework are common methods of evaluation for older kids, but for younger kids, less formal assessment methods are often appropriate. This usually means making notes on the students’ classroom behavior and how well they completed the activities.
Your assessments should be objective, recording facts, not opinions. Report on the expected milestones in each learning domain according to your state standards. You can also involve parents in your assessments by sharing learning outcomes via a parent engagement application.
Although it’s part of a lesson plan, a lesson reflection takes place after the lesson. By reflecting on your lesson and its success, your lesson plans can become records of your teaching, too. Take a few minutes after every lesson to ask how well you met your learning objectives and time goals. What went right? What could be improved for next time?
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